Rosacea is a common, long-term skin condition involving inflammation of the skin on the face. The exact cause of rosacea is unknown, and it affects twice as many women as men, although it is usually more severe in men.
Typical symptoms include red spots and persistent redness of the skin in the centre of the face. Small blood vessels in the skin can become visible. In the most severe cases, the skin can thicken and enlarge, usually on and around the nose. Rosacea most commonly affects fair-skinned people from northern Europe and is estimated to affect up to 1 in 10 people. Symptoms usually begin between the ages of 30 and 50, and rosacea can be mistaken for acne, an allergic reaction or other skin problems. There is no cure for rosacea, but treatments are available to control and reduce the symptoms. The condition can be triggered or aggravated by factors that increase blood flow to the surface of your skin, including hot drinks, spicy food, alcohol, temperature extremes, sunlight or wind, emotions, cosmetics and some medications.
Treatment for rosacea focuses on controlling signs and symptoms. This often requires a combination of skincare and prescription treatments. The duration of your treatment depends on the type and severity of your symptoms.