Eczema

Eczema is a skin condition caused by inflammation of the skin that can appear on any part of the body. Atopic dermatitis, also known as atopic eczema, is the most common form of the many forms of eczema and often runs in families.

Atopic eczema is a long-lasting condition that tends to flare periodically and then subside. Typically, eczema causes the skin to become itchy, red, and dry, even cracked and leathery. It may be accompanied by allergic conditions like asthma or hay fever.

The exact cause of atopic eczema is unknown, but the current thinking is that it is caused by a combination of factors including genetics, an overactive immune system, environment, and defects in the skin barrier that allow moisture out and germs in.